• Touchless Fingerprint Recognition

1. Definition

  • Unlike conventional two-dimensional fingerprint recognition systems that acquire
    images by pressing the fingers on sensors, the recognition process of this project
    does not require any direct contact to input sensors.
  • In addition, it makes use of three-dimensional fingerprint information

2. Motivation

  • Touchless fingerprint system does not require any contact between the sensor and
    user's finger. Therefore it can solve the problems of touch-based fingerprint systems.

   Touch Sensor

  • Limitations of touch-based fingerprint technology
    • Distortions by skin deformation

    • Minuate information changes

    • Image quality degradation by skin condition changes & Latent problem

                
               Degradation by skin condition                         Latent problem

    • Fake fingerprints

    • Worn fingerprint and scratch : aging
    • Hygiene and contamination : germs, inflections

  Touchless Sensor

 

3. System structure

  • High Recognition Performance

  

  • Research Issues in Touchless Fingerprint Recognition
    • Expand effective area for registration

    • Five finger enrollment at once

4. Applications

  • Fingerprint recognition system in mobile and laptop application
  • Passenger identification system in border controls
  • Person identification in the crowded environment such as polling places and 
    department stores
  • Multimodal biometric system